Gum therapy, also known as periodontal therapy or periodontal treatment, refers to the procedures and techniques used to treat gum diseases, particularly periodontitis. Gum therapy aims to prevent the progression of gum disease, eliminate infection, and restore gum health.
Periodontitis is a severe form of gum disease that affects the supporting structures of the teeth, including the gums, periodontal ligaments, and alveolar bone. It is primarily caused by the accumulation of plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth. If not properly removed through regular brushing and flossing, plaque can harden and turn into tartar (calculus), which harbors more bacteria and leads to inflammation of the gums.